I wanted to know which paints match which woods. I tested 6 paints and 5 woods this time. Which one do you like?
So what the differences?
There are many paints at stores. Don’t you think which one is better or what the difference is? That is exactly why I chose these paints. I couldn’t tell which one matched which one.
Today’s goal is to bring out the best in woods. Teak and walnut are fine woods and they are used for furniture. I wanted to know which paints bring out the best in these woods. I have also tested Japanese beech. It is used for toys because it has flavor of soft and feminine. I wanted to know how to bring out the flavor. I tested SPF and lauan too. They are used as building materials rather than material as furniture or toy, but I wanted to find paints suitable for them.They made really good “matches” and some of them were unexpected to me. Take a look. 😉
These are my goals of wood painting. These photos are from my previous post “Beginner’s oil-finishing with Watco”.
Watco Natural Danish Oil Finish
This is one of the paints most famous paint in this blog.
There are several colors. I chose natural for today’s theme. See “Beginner’s oil-finishing with Watco” for how to paint.
Kinuka is a paint made from rice.
Basically Kinuka is a wood finishing oil like Watco.
|Colors||10 and above||1|
|Smell||Strong (gone in 10 days)||None|
|Viscosity||A bit sticky||A bit sticky|
|Tools to paint||Oil paint brushes and waste cloth||wastes|
|Stimulus to skin||Not mentioned||Safety proved by research|
Kinuka’s advantage is its easiness. You can finish oil without learning paint.
Spontaneous sounds scarily a bit. If you spilt Watco on your clothes accidentally, you may wash it. What happens if the laundry machine can’t wash enough and you put your clothes into the dryer? It may burn. This is just my imagination, and I don’t know any accidents like this though.
Osmo Wood Wax High Solid Clear 3101
This is a paint not only for woodcraft lover but also professional. See “How to paint Osmo – with sample photos”.
I tested lacquer which was in my mind before because I couldn’t tell the difference between lacquer and varnish. Actually I couldn’t tell the difference between lacquer, thinner and spray. LOL
How to paint lacquer is the same as varnish, but tools you need are different.
|water-based urethane varnish||Lacquer|
|Viscosity||A bit syrupy||Syrupy|
|Brush||Varnish paint brushes||Oil paint brushes|
|Liquid to dilute||Tap water||Lacquer thinner|
|How to paint||Put on several layers||Put on several layers|
|Sealer||Not necessary always||Should be necessary|
|How to wash brushes||Wash with tap water||Wash with lacquer thinner|
|Time to dry up||2 hours||1 hour|
I’ll write about lacquer thinner in the future.
I couldn’t tell the purpose of using lacquer. What reason is lacquer used for? I thought about it and these are my answer.
- Shorten waiting time
Shorter waiting time is better to make products faster.
- Reproduce old atmosphere
Lacquer was used mainly in old ages. This means lacquer is necessary when you reproduce old furniture. According to Wikipedia, lacquer is used from BC 7,000 to 1950. Since then urethane is used. Urethane is a recent material.
- Acoustic absorption is different from varnish
Paint on musical instruments affects to sound. Lacquer and varnish should make different changes. There are some kinds of lacquers. If you are interested in them, search with “Shellac”. The ingredient is amazing 😉
Washin water-based urethane varnish
These are varnish since I started to paint. They are very easy to use. See “How to paint stain and water-based urethane varnish” for detail.
Pre-mixing urethane varnish was in my mind since I started to think of making a table. To make a table, I need a strong paint.
Asahipen’s water-based pre-mixing urethane varnish can be painted easier than Kigatame Ace. This paint is available at hardware stores and Tokyo Hands. Washin is selling water-based pre-mixing urethane varnish too, but I didn’t like samples at the store. They looked like plastic or tables in the fast food restaurants, which could be good and bad. (Strong but less elegant) This was why I tried Kigatame Ace, but Asahipen’s water-based pre-mixing urethane varnish is easier and enough strong.
Inside the box and how to paint
Mix the basis and the hardener at the ration of 5:1 to make varnish. The varnish looks like Washin’s varnish, and you can paint just in the same way.
There are two bottles of hardener, but they are same. The container labeled “shaker” is for mixing the basis and the hardener. The instruction says hardener has to be used a time. Because I didn’t use that much, I used a pipette as always. It was 3 months ago and the hardener is still fine.
This is a paint used when professionals maintain national treasure and on dishes in publicschools. See “How to use Kigatame Ace with sample photos” for detail.
I tested the paints on these 5 kinds of woods.
This is sold at hardware stores very often.SPF stands for spruce, pine and fir. They are mixed and named SPF because they are very similar. See “A total beginner started to learn paintings for woodworking” for detail.
Like SPF, this wood is sold at hardware stores. In Japan, they are called veneer, veneer board and plywood, so I couldn’t tell the difference.
|Veneer||A slice of wood. Veneer is pasted on the object so that it looks like made of wood.|
|Plywood||A board made of sliced pieces of wood. Lauan and tilia are often used.Plywood can be bent easier. It also protects wood from being wrapped or cracked.I thought the reason to make plywood was because they were trying to reduce the cost. I’m not sure if it is true or not.|
|Veneer Board||A board with a slice of wood pasted. In Japan, this word was mistranslated and means plywood.|
By the way, the one I’m calling “red lauan” is actually “white lauan”. I call white lauan which has darker color “red lauan” because the results of painting are very different. The academically classified “red lauan” is seldom distributed.
Teak is one of the 3 world’s precious woods. (I don’t know if this is true or not.) This wood is famous for its anti abrasion. If you put this outside to be exposed to rain for long time, the quality doesn’t change. The surface is coated with material like wax. This wood is used for making furniture.
Walnut is also one of the 3 world’s precious woods. The color is slight purple, but it changes into brown. This wood has anti abrasion too, and used for furniture.
By the way, the last one of the 3 world’s precious woods is mahogany.
Its appearance is not so far from lauan. 😯 I would like to paint in the future. Which paint do you think better?
There were many matches and unmatches.
|Watco Natural Danish Oil Finish||Kinuka||Osmo Wood Wax High Solid Clear 3101||Washin Clear Lacquer||Washin water-based urethane varnish||Washin water-based urethane varnish anti gross||Asahipen Water-based High Endurance Pre-mixing Urethane Varnish||Kigatame Ace|
This is what I thought about every paint.
|Paint||Skill||Smell||Effort to prepare and put away||Toughness||Layers to paint||Price|
|Watco Natural Danish Oil Finish||△||×||△||○||2||JPY 333 / USD3.02|
|Kinuka||◎||◎||◎||○||1||JPY 150 / USD 1.36|
|Osmo Wood Wax High Solid Clear 3101||○||△||△||○||1||JPY 533/USD 4.85|
|Washin Clear Lacquer||×||×||×||×||3||JPY 692 / USD 6.29 (*1)|
|Washin water-based urethane varnish||◎||◎||◎||×||3||JPY 360 / USD 3.27 (*1)|
|Asahipen Water-based High Endurance Pre-mixing Urethane Varnish||○||◎||◎||◎||2||JPY 2382 / USD 21.65|
|Kigatame Ace||×||×||×||◎||3||JPY 1130 to 2260 / USD 10.27 to 20.54 (※2)|
The left 4 categories are just my opinion. “Layers to paint” is from manufactures’ instruction. “Price“ is the cost to finish 1m2 (to make layers shown in the list) of wood. I used store prices when I bought those paints. Currency rate is USD 1 = JPY110.
*1 The price includes sanding sealer for the 1st layer.
*2 Both liquid A and liquid E are reflected to the price. Because I have used 30% of liquid A and 16% of liquid B, I added the half price of liquid E to Kigatame Ace. The amount of usage depends on wood.
The table continues.
|Watco Natural Danish Oil Finish||Fine woods get more attractive||White woods grow yellowish (*4)|
|Kinuka||Easy to paing||No variety of colors|
|Osmo Wood Wax High Solid Clear 3101||Fine woods get more attractive||Paint remains a little in vessels|
|Washin Clear Lacquer||None (*5)||Hard to paint|
|Washin water-based urethane varnish||Easy to paing||less elegant and cheap quality (*6)|
|Asahipen Water-based High Endurance Pre-mixing Urethane Varnish||Easy to paing||Expensive|
|Kigatame Ace||Fine woods get more attractive
|Hard to paint
*3 Watco has “White” in its selection. Use it to avoid this.
*4 The reason why they still sell lacquer is written already 😉
*5 The paint can go very good with cheap woods like SPF and red lauan 😉
None of paints are good 🙁 If you still need to paint, use Washin water-based urethane varnish and pour stain. See “How to paint stain and water-based urethane varnish”.Watco grows yellowish. The color looks exactly the oil was absorbed.
Kinuka doesn’t change the color, which I was surprised.Osmo became stronger than I thought. The the surface became harder than Pre-mixing Urethane. The color is natural and the touch is smooth.
About Lacquer – the result is exactly the same as urethane varnish.The left one reflects light, but the right one is trying not to reflect. The left one is the last-weekend-I-tried-to-paint quality. I wished I could have hardened SPF if I used these paints. You can leave marks very easily if you scratch with your nails.
I tested how much the paints reflect light. I sorted in the order less reflection.
All except Watco became natural.Watco grows yellowish except the color, these two paints look same. If you scratch with your nail, the mark remains only if you…
- scratch or press very hard
- light up intentionally
- watch very close
at the same time.Osmo became darker and smoother than Watco and Kinuka. Its toughness is the same.
Lacquer reflects light very much. The paint gives us obvious impression that the wood is painted. You can mark, but not that much.They look like plastic, but you can leave nail marks easily. Both paints are so strong that I couldn’t leave any marks with my nail. As you can see, Kigatame Ace became dark.
Red LauanWatco is yellowish too. Kinuka left some vessels (the dark lines to horizontal directions), so some vessels are remain uncolored. Osmo has also left some vessels. The color is more elegant than Watco and Kinuka.
Lacquer came out better than I expected. I can make nail marks on the surface, but they are not remarkable because there are vessels and color is dark.There are many vessels uncolored. The color is less contrast. The color of Pre-mixing Urethane is similar to Water-based urethane varnish, and doesn’t look good. Kigatame Ace looks good, but I would choose Osmo this time.
I couldn’t leave nail marks on both paints.
Painting of lacquer was very difficult. Even it is very sticky, I had to paint thin. I think lacquer has to be painted again and again. I should have used spray if I have. Nail marks can be left if I scratch hard.
I couldn’t paint and gave up! Sorry!
Both paints are less vivid. They spoiled the taste of teak. Nail marks can be left easily too. The color of pre-mixing urethane is between water-based urethane varnish and Kigatame Ace. I could leave nail marks a little bit if I scratched very hardly
The result of Kigatame Ace is the best. the color is so beautiful and its surface is very strong.I couldn’t leave any nail marks. I can use this when I paint furniture.
WalnutBoth paints are very nice like teak. The color is slight different. If I scratch Kinuka with my nail, I could leave white lines of reflections. What I was surprised was if I scratched with my fingers, the white reflections disappeared. It is interesting, isn’t it? The color of Osmo is conservative. Because walnut is dark, this is recommended to people who don’t like dark color. The paint is left in the vessels too.
The color of lacquer was beautiful. The paint was uneven. I wish I could paint well. Like teak, I could leave marks if I scratched hardly.I have the same impression as teak. Both are flat and easily marked. I have the same impression as teak. The color of Kigatame Ace is just beautiful. I will definitely make something from teak or walnut with this paint.
If you are interested in this post, check all posts of “Painting”. For example, I posted these articles.
- The beginner is oil-finishing with Watco
I found Watco by chance in the store. I thought the word “oil finish” sounds like craftsman-like, and something craftsman-like would make goods better, which was a lighthearted attitude.
- How to paint stain and water-based urethane varnish
Today I will show you how to apply polishing powder, and how to paint stain. I tried to explain the steps and points with samples as many as possible.
- How to paint Osmo – with sample photos
I have painted Washin water-based urethane varnish and Watco oil finishes, but there is one paint I hadn’t tryed – Osmo. The reason is simple. They are expensive! I paid to know why.
- How to paint Kigatame Ace
Have you heard a paint named “Kigatame Ace”? This paint is used not only for DIY lovers but also professionals who maintain cultural properties.
This post is also available in: Japanese